Review Guide for Final Exam, ASIA 337
Tuesday Dec. 9 3:30 to 6:00 pm BUCH A 203
I. I will give you ten items, out of which you are to choose six and write a paragraph 0r two on each (no points form—I want to see complete sentences) to tell me what they mean and why they are important. Ask yourself how Korean history would have been different if that person, term, or event were not been a part of modern Korean history. 5 pts. each for a total of 30 points
- Pyongyang 2) Kim Chiha 3) Syngman Rhee
4) Kim Daejung 5) Kim Jong Il 6) armistice agreement
7) Chun Doo Hwan 8) Yusin [Yushin] 9) Juche [Chuch’e]
10) Kwangju Uprising 11) arduous march 12) chaebŏl
13) sunshine policy 14) zainichi 15) Samsung
II. You will be asked to draw on what you have read in the books by Kyung Moon Hwang and Charles Armstrong as well as the article by me I asked you to read, and answer two of the five questions below, explaining the significance of those terms from modern Korean history. (You will not be given choices. You will be asked to given just two of the questions below) 5 pts. each for a total of 10 points
- What does Charles Armstrong mean by “compressed modernity?”
2) What does Charles Armstrong mean by “Korean Diaspora”?
3) What does Kyung Moon Hwang mean by “literary resistance”?
4) What does Kyung Moon Hwang mean by “monumental life?”
5) What does your professor mean by “collective memories” in the context of modern Korean history?
III. I will ask you to tell me which two individuals are today at the top of the political structures in North and South Korea respectively and how they got there. Be sure to include discussion of their backgrounds and previous experience, if relevant. 5 pts.
IV. Drawing primarily on material we have covered since the mid-term, write an essay answering one of the questions below. You will be given only three choices, taken from the five below. 25 Points.
1) What are the conflicting interpretations of the Park Chung Hee years and why is it so difficult for Koreans to agree on whether his legacy is positive or negative?
2) There have been two military coups in South Korea since 1948. There have been no successful military coups in North Korea. Explain why there were two successful coups in the ROK, but none in the north. Also explain how the 2nd ROK coup, and the reaction to it, has been remembered.
3) Have any Korean leaders, north or south, promoted a policy of import substitution? Explain what an import substitution policy is and tell me how well such a policy worked. What is the alternative to an import substitution policy? Has it been tried in the ROK or the DPRK?
4) Compare the ROK under Chun Doo Hwan and Roh Tae-woo with the DPRK under Kim Il Sung. Be sure to note any differences between authoritarian rule and totalitarian rule.
5) How have the religious cultures (the comparative strength of particular religious organizations, the percentage of the population that calls itself religious, etc.) of the ROK and the DPRK changed since 1945? Be sure to take into account relations between governments and religious organizations.
V. Drawing on material we have covered over the course of the entire term, write an essay answering one of the questions below. You will be given only three choices, taken from the five below. 30 pts.
1) Compare Korean society in the 17th century with Korean society in the 21st century. Think in terms of social mobility, geographic mobility, and economic and educational opportunities for both men and women. Would you call Korea today modern? If so, when and how, and in what ways, did it modernize? Are there any differences between the ROK and the DPRK? What impact has modernization has on the lives of Korean men and women?
2) The Chosŏn dynasty lasted for over five centuries, surviving the Japanese invasions of the 1590s and the Manchu invasions of the early 17th century. Yet it was unable to cope with the challenges it faced at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. How can you explain that change in fortunes? Are internal problems with the Chosŏn dynasty’s political and economic structures the primary reason or is the primary cause of the end of the Chosŏn dynasty the changes in its international environment? Be specific in explaining how the Chosŏn dynasty managed to survive as long as it did as well as why it fell when it did.
3) What role has China played in Korean history from the 1590s through the present day? Look at China’s cultural as well as political and military contributions to what was happening on the peninsula.
4) How have the positions of technical experts and labourers changed in Korea since 1600? When and how did those changes occur? Have the occupational opportunities and status of women changed as well? If they have, in what ways have they changed? Be specific.
5) Compare and contrast nationalism in the ROK and in the DPRK in the second half of the 20th century up to the present day with Korean identify during the Chosŏn dynasty and under Japanese rule. How did concepts of Korea, of the government of Korea, and of the relationship of people to their government change? Be sure to note specific differences between Korea before 1910, Korea between 1910 and 1945, and Korea after 1945.